Acyclovir, which is an anti-viral medication, is mostly used for diseases such as chicken pox, genital herpes, mouth sores, and shingles. Dosage depends on the patient’s severity, his weight, and his age. Do note that taking this medication has to be done under the supervision of a doctor.
However, the benefits of Acyclovir for viral diseases may cause certain side effects on patients who are taking it. The most common ones are:
1. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
Just like with any other drug, the active ingredients introduced by medications like Acyclovir may not be accepted by the digestive tract immediately. Nausea may lead to vomiting, and then to diarrhea. If any of these symptoms continue, do consult with your doctor about it. He may decide to lower the dosage or change his prescription altogether.
Malaise is described as the general feeling of uneasiness. If you experience this symptom, then it may be because it’s the initial reaction of your body to the new medication. This may go away in time, although it is important for patients to monitor how frequent and how worse the type of malaise they experience while under medication. All instances should be reported to the doctor.
3. Renal function problems
Renal dysfunction is one of the major side effects of Acyclovir. All drugs create residues that have to be cleared by the kidneys. If a person’s renal function wasn’t prepared for the residues of this drug, then it may cause certain damages to the organ. This side effect is very critical and it is the reason why patients on long-term Acyclovir treatment require regular monitoring by their doctors.
4. Allergic reactions
There are several allergic reactions related to the use of Acyclovir. These include difficulty in breathing, swelling, and hives. In some cases, the intake of this drug may also cause pain the lower back, abnormality in urination, bleeding or bruising easily, and weakness. Contact your doctor if any one of these side effects shows up and becomes unmanageable.
5. Headaches, dizziness, and light headedness
Some patients’ brain functions may be affected by the drug as well. So aside from the three common symptoms listed above, there may also be instances of mood problems, hallucinations, confusion, and agitation. Others may report shaky movements and trouble speaking. Those are the worse side effects that patients have to watch out for if ever they feel drowsy or dizzy or suffer from headaches or light headedness while taking Acyclovir.
Acyclovir is the generic name while Zovirax is the brand name. Listed above are five of the most common side effects associated with this drug. It’s important that you tell your doctor all about the side effects that you experience, as it is only them that can determine if they fall well within the normal parameters or if certain adjustments to dosage administration have to be made.